AskDefine | Define flail

Dictionary Definition

flail n : an implement consisting of handle with a free swinging stick at the end; used in manual threshing

Verb

1 give a thrashing to; beat hard [syn: thrash, thresh, lam]
2 move like a flail; thresh about; "Her arms were flailing" [syn: thresh]

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Etymology

From flagellum, 'whip'

Pronunciation

Noun

  1. A tool used for threshing, consisting of a long handle with a shorter stick attached with a short piece of chain or thong etc.
  2. A weapon which has the striking part attached to the handle with a flexible joint such as a chain etc.
Quotations

Translations

tool
weapon

Verb

  1. To beat using a flail or similar.
  2. To wave or swing vigorously (syn. thrash).
  3. To thresh.

Quotations

Translations

to wave or swing vigorously
to thresh

Extensive Definition

A flail is an agricultural tool used for threshing, to separate grains from their husks.
It is usually made from two or more sticks attached by a short chain ; one stick is held and swung, causing the other to strike a pile of grain, loosening the husks. The precise dimensions and shape of a flail would have been developed by generations of farmers to suit the particular grain they were harvesting. For example, flails used by farmers in Quebec to process wheat were generally made from two pieces of wood, the handle being about 1.5 m long by 3 cm in diameter, and the second stick being about 1 m long by about 3 cm in diameter, with a slight taper towards the end. Flails for other grains, such as rice or spelt, would have had different dimensions. Flails have generally fallen into disuse in many nations because of the availability of technologies such as combine harvesters that require much less manual labour. But in many places, such as Minnesota, wild rice can only be harvested using manual means, specifically through the use of a canoe and a flail that is made of smooth, round wood no more than 30 inches long.

Non-agricultural uses

As with most agricultural tools, flails were often used as weapons by farmers who may have lacked better weapons. The French Revolution was mostly fought with agricultural tools. The flail is proposed as one of the origins of the two-piece baton known in the kobudo weapon system as the nunchaku.
The flail is depicted alongside the shepherd’s “crook” as symbols of office for the crowned Egyptian Pharaoh. The flail symbolises the Pharaoh's role as provider of food for his people and the crook symbolises his role as the shepherd of his people. Both crook and flail also serve to link the Pharaoh with Osiris.
The Egyptians also used flails to hurt enemy captives or slaves. Because of this flails were considered a sign of power, Pharaohs would hold flails.

References

flail in Czech: Cep
flail in Pennsylvania German: Fleggel
flail in German: Dreschflegel
flail in Spanish: Mayal
flail in Esperanto: Draŝilo
flail in French: Fléau (agriculture)
flail in Galician: Mallo
flail in Hebrew: מורג (כלי חקלאי)
flail in Dutch: Dorsvlegel
flail in Japanese: フレイル
flail in Norwegian Nynorsk: Slegel
flail in Polish: Cep (narzędzie)
flail in Portuguese: Mangual
flail in Russian: Цеп
flail in Finnish: Varsta
flail in Swedish: Slaga

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

bang, baste, bastinado, batter, beat, belabor, belt, birch, buffet, cane, club, cowhide, cudgel, cut, cut and thrust, drub, feint, flagellate, flail at, flail away at, flap, flog, fustigate, give a whipping, give the stick, hammer, hit at, horsewhip, knock, knout, lace, lambaste, larrup, lash, lash out at, lay on, let drive at, let fly at, lunge at, maul, paste, patter, pelt, pistol-whip, poke at, pommel, pound, pulverize, pummel, rap, rawhide, scourge, sledgehammer, smite, spank, strap, strike at, strike out at, stripe, swing at, swing on, swinge, switch, thrash, thresh, thrust at, thump, trounce, truncheon, wallop, whale, whip, whop
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