flail n : an implement consisting of handle with a free swinging stick at the end; used in manual threshing
2 move like a flail; thresh about; "Her arms were flailing" [syn: thresh]
EtymologyFrom flagellum, 'whip'
- Rhymes: -eɪl
- 1631 — John Milton,
- When in one night, ere glimpse of morn, His shadowy flail hath threshed the corn That ten day-labourers could not end;
- 1816 — Samuel
Taylor Coleridge, Kubla Khan
- Huge fragments vaulted like rebounding hail, Or chaffy grain beneath the thresher's flail
- 1842 — Henry
The Slave in the Dismal Swamp
- On him alone the curse of Cain Fell, like a flail on the garnered grain, And struck him to the earth!
- 1879 — Henry
and Poverty, ch V
- If the farmer must use the spade because he has not capital enough for a plough, the sickle instead of the reaping machine, the flail instead of the thresher...
to wave or swing vigorously
It is usually made from two or more sticks attached by a short chain ; one stick is held and swung, causing the other to strike a pile of grain, loosening the husks. The precise dimensions and shape of a flail would have been developed by generations of farmers to suit the particular grain they were harvesting. For example, flails used by farmers in Quebec to process wheat were generally made from two pieces of wood, the handle being about 1.5 m long by 3 cm in diameter, and the second stick being about 1 m long by about 3 cm in diameter, with a slight taper towards the end. Flails for other grains, such as rice or spelt, would have had different dimensions. Flails have generally fallen into disuse in many nations because of the availability of technologies such as combine harvesters that require much less manual labour. But in many places, such as Minnesota, wild rice can only be harvested using manual means, specifically through the use of a canoe and a flail that is made of smooth, round wood no more than 30 inches long.
As with most agricultural tools, flails were often used as weapons by farmers who may have lacked better weapons. The French Revolution was mostly fought with agricultural tools. The flail is proposed as one of the origins of the two-piece baton known in the kobudo weapon system as the nunchaku.
The flail is depicted alongside the shepherd’s “crook” as symbols of office for the crowned Egyptian Pharaoh. The flail symbolises the Pharaoh's role as provider of food for his people and the crook symbolises his role as the shepherd of his people. Both crook and flail also serve to link the Pharaoh with Osiris.
The Egyptians also used flails to hurt enemy captives or slaves. Because of this flails were considered a sign of power, Pharaohs would hold flails.
flail in Czech: Cep
flail in Pennsylvania German: Fleggel
flail in German: Dreschflegel
flail in Spanish: Mayal
flail in Esperanto: Draŝilo
flail in French: Fléau (agriculture)
flail in Galician: Mallo
flail in Hebrew: מורג (כלי חקלאי)
flail in Dutch: Dorsvlegel
flail in Japanese: フレイル
flail in Norwegian Nynorsk: Slegel
flail in Polish: Cep (narzędzie)
flail in Portuguese: Mangual
flail in Russian: Цеп
flail in Finnish: Varsta
flail in Swedish: Slaga
bang, baste, bastinado, batter, beat, belabor, belt, birch, buffet, cane, club, cowhide, cudgel, cut, cut and thrust, drub, feint, flagellate, flail at, flail away at, flap, flog, fustigate, give a whipping, give the stick, hammer, hit at, horsewhip, knock, knout, lace, lambaste, larrup, lash, lash out at, lay on, let drive at, let fly at, lunge at, maul, paste, patter, pelt, pistol-whip, poke at, pommel, pound, pulverize, pummel, rap, rawhide, scourge, sledgehammer, smite, spank, strap, strike at, strike out at, stripe, swing at, swing on, swinge, switch, thrash, thresh, thrust at, thump, trounce, truncheon, wallop, whale, whip, whop